The Velan

A. Karel Velan was elavated to the fore-front of scientific community due to a flash of inspiration after watching "The Day After". He describes the experience as follows:
'My brain seemed to clear in a flash from all interference, ready to receive a message. In a split second the basic idea of my cosmological theory crystallized.'
Velan had always been troubled by the fact that respected researchers in the field of cosmology had never bothered to answer the question of what happened prior to 10-45 sec after the universe's birth. They usually ducked the matter by saying that we don't know enough about how physics would work at such high temperatures and densities. Even worse, they relegated the question of what happened before the moment of the Big Bang to metaphysics or religion. "The concept of time", they would say, "started the instant the universe was created. It would have no meaning outside the universe. Likewise, anything outside the universe cannot affect the universe and is, therefore, not a question for science to answer." Velan decided that this was indeed a question for science. And to that end, he wrote a text.

"The Multi-Universe Cosmos" is intended for those 'with a basic scientific education and those interested in astronomy and physics'. So he starts the book off with particle physics (reminds me of a quote from the movie "Time Bandits" where the non-religion-specific bad guy complains about how the Supreme Being's priorities were screwed up when he created the universe: "I would had started with laser beams - day one!"). All the formulae make for a pretty wooden story line. Things only get interesting half-way in when the multi-universe pops it's head in.

Velan's idea is that the universe was born in a vast dark cosmos populated with other universes at various stages of development and with different properties but all described by the same physics. Somehow, these different universes don't influence each other in any way (dispite the fact that Velan claims you'd be able to see all these universes if you were floating outside our universe). The dark cosmos is flooded with 'virtual' particles and lotsa gamma rays travelling faster than the speed of light. In order to creat a universe, the virtual particles interact with the gamma rays to create matter and light. The new universe then collapses due to gravity before bouncing back (like a supernova) and exploding like the big bang. The core becomes a black hole and the universe expands near the speed of light. Et voila, a universe.

Not only that, there is observational proof! The isotropic gamma ray bursts seen by satellites are due to primordial gamma rays trapped in our universe in the creation event. Somehow, for the first 100 000 years, when matter and light are constantly interacting, these gamma rays managed to escape any interactions. There is also the Microwave Background Radiation which, Velan claims is poor support for the normal Big Bang theory because the fluctuations are too small to eventually grow into galaxies. The decoupling of the radiation field in the Velan universe created a huge pressure drop in the fireball and the implosion of large areas led to shocks which created the seeds of galaxies. What cause the implosions isn't covered; maybe it's the gamma rays outside the universe or maybe Velan gravity works instantaneously (as opposed to at the speed of light like real gravity).

Bouyed by the success of his theory, Velan skims over galaxy and star formation to get to his next new theory - a black hole without a singularity (apparently based on energy conservation). He then goes on to discuss the fate of the universe. He finds an omega of 2.39 indicating a closed universe which is a relief because if it were open, it would eventually fill up the cosmos and push the other universe out of the way. Velan's cosmos can only have closed universes. The universe was created 18 billion years ago and will be 71 billion years old when it reaches the big crunch (out of which a new universe will be created). And for those of you who are curious, H0 = 548 km s-1 Mpc-1.

Known Publications:

The Multi-Universe Cosmos: The First Complete Story of the Origin of the Universe, 1992. New York: Plenum Press

Contact Address:

Velan, Inc. is located in Montreal, Canada (circa 1992) but no address is given. You can try to get in contact with A. Karel Velan through the publisher of his book:

Plenum Press
233 Spring Street
New York, NY

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Last Modified: April 18, 1996